Übersetzung im Kontext von „Backgammon Rules“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: Opens the websites of FIBS Home, Backgammon Rules. Ablehnen des Eröffnungswurfes – California Rule[Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten]. Diese. Backgammon (Rules of the game) | | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon.
BackgammonWelcome to Backgammon - Lord of the Board - If you LOVE playing online Backgammon with friends then you have come to the right place! Even if you are a. Ablehnen des Eröffnungswurfes – California Rule[Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten]. Diese. Hamilton, Robert, Backgammon, Rules of the Game, Photo vorhanden. Goren Norfolk, Tim, Backgammon, Rules, Strategy, Winning Play, Photo.
Backgammon Rules What does Backgammon Rules bring you? VideoBoard Game Rules : Rules of Backgammon the Game These rules were prepared in conjunction with the International Backgammon Association and the Inter-Club League of New York. They appeared in Oswald. Backgammon rules in German. Backgammon ist ein Spiel für zwei Spieler, das auf einem Brett gespielt wird, das aus vierundzwanzig länglichen Dreiecken. Ablehnen des Eröffnungswurfes – California Rule[Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten]. Diese. Backgammon (Rules of the game) | | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon.
Fc Ufa der Fc Ufa. - ReferencesBackgammon Variants Rules The standard rules of worked well and were widely adopted in North Wimbledon Frauen 2021 and to a lesser extent in Europe.
He applied principles of fuzzy logic to improve its play between phases, and by July , BKG 9. It won the match 7—1, becoming the first computer program to defeat a world champion in any board game.
Berliner stated that the victory was largely a matter of luck, as the computer received more favorable dice rolls. In the late s, backgammon programmers found more success with an approach based on artificial neural networks.
Its neural network was trained using temporal difference learning applied to data generated from self-play. Tesauro proposed using rollout analysis to compare the performance of computer algorithms against human players.
The rollout score of the human or the computer is the difference of the average game results by following the selected move versus following the best move, then averaged for the entire set of taken moves.
The strength of these programs lies in their neural networks' weights tables, which are the result of months of training. Without them, these programs play no better than a human novice.
For the bearoff phase, backgammon software usually relies on a database containing precomputed equities for all possible bearoff positions.
Computer-versus-computer competitions are also held at Computer Olympiad events. The artifacts included two dice and 60 checkers, and the set is believed to be to years older than the Royal Game of Ur.
On the board found at Shahr-e Sukhteh, the fields are represented by the coils of a snake. Touraj Daryaee —on the subject of the first written mention of early precursors of backgammon—writes:.
The use of dice for the game is another indication of its Indic origin since dice and gambling were a favorite pastime in ancient India.
According to the historical legend, the Indian king Dewisarm sends his minister Taxritos to Persia with the game of chess , and a letter challenging Sasanian King Khosrow I to solve the riddle or rationale for the game.
Khosrow asks for three days to decipher the game, but initially, no-one in the court is able to make any progress. On the third day, Khosrow's minister, Wuzurgmihr, successfully rises and explains the logic of the game.
As a reciprocal challenge, Wuzurgmihr constructs the game of backgammon and delivers it to the Indian king who is unable to decipher the game. In the 11th century Shahnameh , the Persian poet Ferdowsi credits Burzoe with the invention of the tables game nard in the 6th century.
He describes an encounter between Burzoe and a Raja visiting from India. The Raja introduces the game of chess , and Burzoe demonstrates nard , played with dice made from ivory and teak.
Murray details many versions of backgammon; modern Nard is noted there as being the same as backgammon and maybe dating back to — AD in the Babylonian Talmud,  although others believe the Talmud references the Greek race game Kubeia.
The history of backgammon can be traced back nearly 5, years to its origins in Mesopotamia modern-day Iraq.
Modern Iraqis continue to enjoy playing the game. The Royal Game of Ur, originating in ancient Mesopotamia before BC, may also be an ancestor of modern-day table games like backgammon.
It used tetrahedral dice. In the modern Middle East, backgammon is a common feature of coffeehouses.
Race board games involving dice have a long history in Iraq, including the Royal Game of Ur in Babylon. In the modern Arab Levant and Iraq it is called tawle , which means table, and it is also called shesh besh shesh means 'six' in Hebrew , Aramaic and Phoenician , but derives from Phoenician.
Shesh also means 'six' in Persian and Kurdish , and five is likely to be closely related to penj , meaning 'five'. There are two games of nardi commonly played:.
Short nardi : Set-up and rules are the same as backgammon. Long nardi : A game that starts with all fifteen checkers placed in one line on the point and on the point.
The two players move their checkers in opposing directions, from the point towards the 1-point, or home board. In long nardi , one checker by itself can block a point.
There is no hitting in long nardi. The objective of the game is bearing all checkers off the board, and there is no doubling cube. Like today, each player had 15 checkers and used cubical dice with sides numbered one to six.
The only differences from modern backgammon were the use of an extra die three rather than two and the starting of all pieces off the board with them entering in the same way that pieces on the bar enter in modern backgammon.
Zeno, who was white, had a stack of seven checkers, three stacks of two checkers and two "blots", checkers that stand alone on a point and are therefore in danger of being put outside the board by an incoming opponent checker.
Zeno threw the three dice with which the game was played and obtained 2, 5 and 6. As in backgammon, Zeno could not move to a space occupied by two opponent black pieces.
The white and black checkers were so distributed on the points that the only way to use all of the three results, as required by the game rules, was to break the three stacks of two checkers into blots, exposing them and ruining the game for Zeno.
In Roman times, this game was also known as alea , and a likely apocryphal Latin story linked this name, and the game, to a Trojan soldier named Alea.
Race board games involving dice have existed for millennia in the Near East and eastern Mediterranean, including the game senet of Ancient Egypt.
Senet was excavated, along with illustrations, from Egyptian royal tombs dating to BC. The usual Tavla rules are same as in the neighboring Arab countries and Greece, as established over a millennium ago,  but there are also many quite different variants.
Players try to flip their pieces over the opponents' pieces to beat them. Backgammon is popular among Greeks. It is a game in which Greeks usually tease their opponent and create a lively atmosphere.
Portes: Set-up and rules the same as backgammon, except that backgammons count as gammons 2 points and there is no doubling cube. Plakoto : A game where one checker can trap another checker on the same point.
Asodio: Also known as Acey-deucey , where all checkers are off the board, and players enter by rolling either doubles or acey-deucey.
These games are played one after another, in matches of three, five, or seven points. Players use the same pair of dice in turns.
The winner is the first player to bear off all 15 checkers. Your email address will not be published. Simple backgammon rules Published October 3, by Jason.
Last updated on December 6, This Deluxe Backgammon post is another in our series for beginners. Backgammon board setup with a checker on the bar.
End of the game : The bearing off. GammonVillage Shop. Facebook Twitter. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published.
Share via. Copy Link. At this moment I realized the lack of information available online. Starting from this observation, I always said that one day I will help to popularize and help to make backgammon famous around the world.
The first seed of Backgammon Rules was sown. Backgammon Rules is designed to help people who are interested in backgammon. If you completely discover this game, I explain all the rules plain and simple.
If you are able to remove all 15 of your checkers before your opponent as borne off any of theirs then it is considered a gammon and the win is worth two points as opposed to one.
If you are able to bear off all 15 of your checkers before your opponent has the chance to bear any of theirs, and your opponent still has a checker on your home board then the win is considered a backgammon and is worth 3 points!
I have a question; Player A has all of his men in his home. A takes off a 5. Can A take off his 6 when ihe is blocked from going 6?
Not sure I understand your questions completely but hopefully this answer helps. Hi Andrew, I am not sure what you are referring to, could you be a bit more specific so I could fix the issue?
Hi, Anthony thank you for pointing out that error. A player who accepts a double becomes the owner of the cube and only he may make the next double.
Subsequent doubles in the same game are called redoubles. If a player refuses a redouble, he must pay the number of points that were at stake prior to the redouble.
Otherwise, he becomes the new owner of the cube and the game continues at twice the previous stakes. There is no limit to the number of redoubles in a game.
Gammons and Backgammons. At the end of the game, if the losing player has borne off at least one checker, he loses only the value showing on the doubling cube one point, if there have been no doubles.
However, if the loser has not borne off any of his checkers, he is gammoned and loses twice the value of the doubling cube.
Or, worse, if the loser has not borne off any of his checkers and still has a checker on the bar or in the winner's home board, he is backgammoned and loses three times the value of the doubling cube.
Optional Rules. The following optional rules are in widespread use. Automatic doubles. If identical numbers are thrown on the first roll, the stakes are doubled.
The doubling cube is turned to 2 and remains in the middle.Hey Jim, a player may start to bear off the moment they get Postcode In Germany their checkers to their side. I wish you a good reading on the website and also good luck in your future games. Movement of the Checkers.